CBC and CBET Grading System in Kenya

Have you seen in your child’s school report form comments like E.E, M.E, AE, and BE and wondered what these initials mean? It is the new CBC grading system. We better get used to them, so let’s get down and see what they mean.

The new competency-based curriculum that is being implemented in Kenya aims to reduce the emphasis on examination to what learners can do. However the system still requires a way and methods to differentiate levels of competency, hence the new grading system

Currently, the curriculum is being implemented at basic education and in the middle-level colleges.

The CBC grading includes exceeding expectations (EE), meeting expectations (ME), approaching expectations (AE), and below expectations (BE). While for grading in TVET CBET are mastery, proficiency, competent, and not yet competent.

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List of approved schools and their functions in Kenya

Approved schools also called rehabilitation schools are created under the Children Act 2022 section 78.

The schools are meant to rehabilitate children who conflict with the law. It rehabilitates children with delinquent behaviours such as robbery with violence, sexual offences, theft, assault, vandalism, truancy, etc.

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Challenges facing CBC curriculum and their solutions in Kenya

The Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) was started in 2017 to replace the old 8.4.4 system of education. The move was taken to equip the Kenyan child with the knowledge and skills for the 21st-century requirement.

However, since it started it had numerous challenges which started even before the enrollment by some stakeholders rejecting it. Some of the issues that were raised at that time have come to haunt the implementation and the government needs to take measures to ensure learners are not disadvantaged.

Some of the main challenges are low teacher-learner ratio, inadequate infrastructure, teacher training issues, understaffing, and lack of parental support among others. The government should provide more resources both physical and human and ensure teachers are well-trained on CBC curriculum implementation.

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7 Core Competencies in Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC)

The Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) is replacing the old 8.4.4 system of education in Kenya. The CBC intends to be more practical and student-based. This means the teacher will be more of a facilitator in learning rather than being the main participant.

To achieve the national educational goals the government through KICD developed a Basic Education Curriculum Framework (BECF). The framework gives guidelines on how to implement the curriculum

In the BECF framework, it highlights 7 core competencies areas that should be covered which are, communication and collaboration, self-efficacy, critical thinking and problem-solving, creativity and imagination, citizenship, digital literacy, and learning to learn.

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Pertinent and Contemporary Issues (PCIs) in CBC in Kenya curriculum

Have you ever wondered how relevant is what you learn in the classroom to issues currently happening in your world? Pertinent and contemporary issues (PCIs) in the CBC curriculum are set to answer that question.

Pertinent means something relevant while contemporary issues mean something current or happening now. So, pertinent and contemporary issues are relevant issues that affect our day-to-day living. When implemented in education it means learners are taught relevant issues that will help them solve the current issues that are affecting them in the current world.

The 4 Pertinent and Contemporary Issues (PCIs) areas in the curriculum are citizenship, health, life skills and values, and social and economic issues.

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Kapsabet High School location, contact and perfomance

Kapsabet high school logo

Kapsabet High School is a national boys’ school in Nandi County, Kapsabet. It was founded in 1925 as a Government African School (GAS) to cater to African children in the era when African schools in Africa were still segregated into different races.

It is categorized as a public national school by the Ministry of Education and it has produced some of the top leadership of the county as alumnae like the former president of the Republic of Kenya, Moi.

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List of National Schools in Kenya and their addresses

The Ministry of Education decides and elevates different high schools in the country from one level to another. The highest level is the national school. The elevation is based on the infrastructure that the school has human resources among other factors. The government plans to have at least 2 national schools per county to ensure … Read more